2012 West Coast Model EU; Common Agricultural Policy Reform; Final (passed) Resolutions


Small Farmers Scheme Resolution 2013-2020Signatories: Austria, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Slovakia

1.       Expresses its appreciation for the Presidency’s proposed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms, and emphasizes that any CAP reforms approved by this body should be characterized by themes of improving productivity, environmental responsibility, and ensuring state-state equity;

2.   Affirms the unique position of subsistence-based small farmers (of less than 3 hectares of cultivatable land) and acknowledges the difficult of such farmers to contribute significant attention to environmental priorities;

3. Recommends the Small Farmers Scheme (SFS) as a necessary addendum to the CAP as a mechanism for improving small farmers productivity and equity in receiving CAP assistance, wherein the following measures will be implemented by the CAP between 2013 and 2020:

4.       Small farmers shall have the power to independently opt either to participate in the SFS if:
i.      They are no more than 3 ha;
ii.      They decide by October 15, 2014;

5.       Small farmers who opt to participate in the SFS shall be exempt from applying greening measures and penalties to the agricultural sector established by this Council between 2013 and 2020;

6.       The SFS payments shall neither interfere with nor replace Pillar II Rural Development funds for providing advice to small farmers for economic development and restructuring grants in regions with high concentrations of small farms.

Signatories: Germany, Bulgaria, Italy, Slovakia, Austria, France, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Finland, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg

Resolution – Phasing in of dependence on Green Measures for the receipt of subsidies

1. Acknowledges the new challenges which face the Common Agricultural Policy, including climate change, water management, implementation of alternative fuels, and bio diversity while maintaining the common commitment to agricultural productivity and competitiveness;

2. Bears in mind that the European people require a robust and efficient agricultural sector which is capable of meeting the needs of all people;

3. Agrees that the farming subsidy should be conditional on the implementation of greening measures as specified in the “Greening Measures under CAP Reform 2013-2020” resolution hereto for accepted by this body, wherein conditional payments will be implemented in phases across three years where 0% of farmers direct payments will be withheld the first year, 7.5% will be withheld the second, and 15% withheld the final year.

4. Proposes that market incentives are based on each agricultural holding complying with one or more of the five greening strategies. Products produced by compliant farms will be designated as “Save Europe” products.

Greening Measures under CAP Reform 2013-2020

Signatories: Austria, Ireland, Luxembourg, UK, Estonia, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Lithuania, Finland, Portugal, Cyprus, Finland, Sweden, Czech Republic

1. Recognizes the diversity of the European Union, and supports offering five greening initiatives to encourage ecologically sustainable agriculture and offer a broadened opportunity for small farms to develop agriculturally under them. Agricultural holdings, whom participate in the market economy, may choose one or more of five initiatives to implement.
a. Optional greening measures until the year 2020 include:
1. Maintain a permanent pasture through sustainable and more healthy practices.
2. Biodiversity through three crop rotation
3. Reservation of 7% of arable land for agricultural practices
4. Reduction of 20% of carbon emissions
5. Implementing sound irrigation systems to foster water conservation


Equalized Funding Resolution:
signatories: Slovenia, Estonia, United Kingdom, Romania, Latvia
We should advocate a more equalized funding across all the member states. Romania and the UK propose that there is more equalized funding between Eastern and Western European member states. This funding would go to overhauling the agricultural systems and rural development within the agricultural sectors of the newest member states in order to comply with the greening proposals put forward by the presidency. This funding would last until 2020, when we would re-convene to decide whether to renew this funding or phase it out.

Amendment: 60/40 split instead of the current 50/50 split, with at least 20% of the funds going to rural development within the 12 newest member states.

Signatories: Poland, Denmark, United Kingdom, Slovenia,  Malta, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Signatories: Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Belgium

Capping the CAP Draft Resolution

  1. Recognizes that a cap of €300,000 per farm is neither equitable nor realistic for many member states who rely primarily on large farms for production, Acknowledges the EU values of market economy and fairness, and affirm the importance of individual farms to receive supplemental payments through the Pillar 1 of the CAP;
  2. Encourages a redistribution of funds to agricultural areas throughout the EU that are in highest disparity and gravest need for development, technological investment, and increased competitive advantage, while also affirming the importance of ensuring open agricultural markets as disparities are equalized in the future;

  1. Recommends the EU ought cap Pillar I direct payments to farmers at €500,000 per farm. The remaining or excess funds would be then be redistributed 40% back to the domestic country, and 60% held at the supranational level.

    1. The 40% left to the national government will no longer be restricted solely towards rural development. Funding re-allocated to national governments will be completely at their discretion to distribute these funds in such areas/topics that pertain to agriculture:
      1. Rural development
      2. Innovation and technologies
      3. Agricultural education

    1. The other 60% would be held at the supranational level and allocated towards rural development in areas that require the support the most. At least 20% of this 60% will be dedicated towards the 12 New Member states integrated since 2004.
      1. Building a general agricultural/rural infrastructure structure in places that are severely lacking such;
        1. i.e. building roads, and replacing outdated/non-functional machinery
      2. Modernizing the farming techniques, tools, machinery, and practices that would allow them to compete fairly at the international level
      3. Incentivizing younger generations to enter the agricultural work sector
        i.e. provide scholarships and payments to programs that offer agricultural schooling, such as agricultural economics and business
        i.e. incentivizing business to invest in rural areas

  1. To reward exceptional efforts, agricultural holdings will be exempt from a cap on the CAP if they are able to meet 3 of the 5 greening measures, over a period of four years where;
    1. Zero greening measures need be met in the first year;
    2. One greening measure must be met in the second year;
    3. Two greening measures met in the third year;
    4. Three greening measures met in the fourth and final year.